Legal Knowledge and Information Systems

JURIX 2018: The Thirty-first Annual Conference

Artificial intelligence as applied to the legal domain has gained momentum thanks to the large, annotated corporate legal and case-law collections, human chats, and social media information now available in open data. Often represented in XML or other Semantic Web technologies, these now make it possible to use the AI theory developed by the JURIX community in over thirty years of research. Innovative machine and deep-learning techniques with which to classify legal texts and detect terms, principles, concepts, evidence, named entities, and rules are also emerging, and the last five years have seen a gradual increase in their practical application.

This book presents papers from the 31st International Conference on Legal Knowledge and Information Systems (JURIX 2018), held in Groningen, the Netherlands, in December 2018. The support of the Dutch Foundation for Legal Knowledge Based Systems for the JURIX conference has transformed a domestic workshop into an international event, with theoretical contributions, applied work, demo prototypes, a hackathon, and a doctoral consortium. Of the 72 submissions received, 17 full papers and 11 short papers were selected for publication, representing an acceptance rate of approximately 38%.

Machine learning for the legal domain prevails in the JURIX 2018 program, with traditional research mainstreams concerning legal reasoning and argumentation, natural-language processing, legal-text retrieval, and legal semantic modelling. An emerging topic is blockchain, which has graduated from the workshop area to the main program. The book offers an overview of the ways in which innovative information technologies are merging with legal theory, argumentation, and practice.

Editors: Palmirani, M.
Pages: 244
Binding: softcover
Volume 313 of Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications
ISBN print: 978-1-61499-934-8
ISBN online: 978-1-61499-935-5

Envisioning Robots in Society – Power, Politics, and Public Space

Proceedings of Robophilosophy 2018 / TRANSOR 2018

Robots are predicted to play a role in many aspects of our lives in the future, affecting work, personal relationships, education, business, law, medicine and the arts. As they become increasingly intelligent, autonomous, and communicative, they will be able to function in ever more complex physical and social surroundings, transforming the practices, organizations, and societies in which they are embedded.

This book presents the proceedings of the Robophilosophy 2018 conference, held in Vienna, Austria, from 14 to 7 February 2018. The third event in the Robophilosophy Conference Series, the conference was entitled Envisioning Robots in Society – Politics, Power, and Public Space. It focused on the societal, economic, and political issues related to social robotics. The book is divided into two parts and an Epilogue. Part I, entitled Keynotes, contains abstracts of the keynotes and two longer papers. Part II is divided into 7 subject sections containing 37 papers. Subjects covered include robots in public spaces; politics and law; work and business; military robotics; and policy.

The book provides an overview of the questions, answers, and approaches that are currently at the heart of both academic and public discussions. The contributions collected here will be of interest to researchers and policy makers alike, as well as other stakeholders.

Editors: Coeckelbergh, M., Loh, J., Funk, M., Seibt, J., Nørskov, M.
Pages: 404
Binding: softcover
Volume 311of Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications
ISBN print: 978-1-61499-930-0
ISBN online: 978-1-61499-931-7

Applications of Intelligent Systems

Proceedings of the 1st International APPIS Conference 2018

The deployment of intelligent systems to tackle complex processes is now commonplace in many fields from medicine and agriculture to industry and tourism.

This book presents scientific contributions from the 1st International Conference on Applications of Intelligent Systems (APPIS 2018) held at the Museo Elder in Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, Spain, from 10 to 12 January 2018. The aim of APPIS 2018 was to bring together scientists working on the development of intelligent computer systems and methods for machine learning, artificial intelligence, pattern recognition, and related techniques with an emphasis on their application to various problems.

The 34 peer-reviewed papers included here cover an extraordinarily wide variety of topics – everything from semi-supervised learning to matching electro-chemical sensor information with human odor perception – but what they all have in common is the design and application of intelligent systems and their role in tackling diverse and complex challenges.

The book will be of particular interest to all those involved in the development and application of intelligent systems.

Editors: Petkov, N., Strisciuglio, N., Travieso-González, C.M.
Pages: 368
Binding: softcover
Volume 310 of Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications
ISBN print: 978-1-61499-928-7
ISBN online: 978-1-61499-929-4

Fuzzy Systems and Data Mining IV

Proceedings of FSDM 2018

Big Data Analytics is on the rise in the last years of the current decade. Data are overwhelming the computation capacity of high performance servers. Cloud, grid, edge and fog computing are a few examples of the current hype. Computational Intelligence offers two faces to deal with the development of models: on the one hand, the crisp approach, which considers for every variable an exact value and, on the other hand, the fuzzy focus, which copes with values between two boundaries.

This book presents 114 papers from the 4th International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Data Mining (FSDM 2018), held in Bangkok, Thailand, from 16 to 19 November 2018. All papers were carefully reviewed by program committee members, who took into consideration the breadth and depth of the research topics that fall within the scope of FSDM. The acceptance rate was 32.85%.

Offering a state-of-the-art overview of fuzzy systems and data mining, the publication will be of interest to all those whose work involves data science.

Editors: Tallón-Ballesteros, A.J., Li, K.
Pages: 988
Binding: softcover
Volume 309 of Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications
ISBN print: 978-1-61499-926-3
ISBN online: 978-1-61499-927-0

Artificial Intelligence Research and Development

Current Challenges, New Trends and Applications

It is almost impossible today to find an economic sector or aspect of society which does not involve AI techniques in some way. This pervasive technology has become indispensible in a multitude of ways, from supporting decision making to managing digital devices such as smart sensors, mechanical arms or artificial eyes. The ability of AI to emulate intelligence in the resolution of challenging problems has placed it at the centre of problem solving in all areas of our society.

This book presents contributions from CCIA 2018, the 21st International Conference of the Catalan Association for Artificial Intelligence which took place in Alt Empordà, Catalonia, Spain, on 8-10th October 2018. The book aims to provide a picture of what is being achieved and what is under development in AI today. As such, its contents represent the diversity of approaches and applications currently being researched, but it also presents invited contributions which deal with some of the challenges that will have to be faced in the decade to come. The contributions included in this book are organized under the following headings: logic, satisfiability and fuzzy sets; classifiers, networks and machine learning; data science, recommender systems and case-based reasoning; natural language and sound processing; cognitive systems and agents; and computer vision and robotics. The book also covers a number of current AI challenges and new trends like big data, spatial problem solving, ethics and AI, and how blockchain impacts AI.

Providing an up-to-the-minute overview of current AI technology and research, this book will be of value to all those with an interest in the subject.

Editors: Falomir, Z., Gibert, K., Plaza, E.
Pages: 420
Binding: softcover
Volume 308 of Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications
ISBN print: 978-1-61499-917-1
ISBN online: 978-1-61499-918-8

Human Language Technologies – The Baltic Perspective

Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference Baltic HLT 2018

Computational linguistics, speech processing, natural language processing and language technologies in general have all become increasingly important in an era of all-pervading technological development.

This book, Human Language Technologies – The Baltic Perspective, presents the proceedings of the 8th International Baltic Human Language Technologies Conference (Baltic HLT 2018), held in Tartu, Estonia, on 27-29 September 2018. The main aim of Baltic HLT is to provide a forum for sharing new ideas and recent advances in computational linguistics and related disciplines, and to promote cooperation between the research communities of the Baltic States and beyond.

The 24 articles in this volume cover a wide range of subjects, including machine translation, automatic morphology, text classification, various language resources, and NLP pipelines, as well as speech technology; the latter being the most popular topic with 8 papers.

Delivering an overview of the state-of-the-art language technologies from a Baltic perspective, the book will be of interest to all those whose work involves language processing in whatever form.

Editors: Muischnek, K., Müürisep, K.
Pages: 206
Binding: softcover
Volume 307 of Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications
ISBN print: 978-1-61499-911-9
ISBN online: 978-1-61499-912-6

Computational Models of Argument

Proceedings of COMMA 2018

In its classical form, the study of argumentation focuses on human-oriented uses of argument, such as whether an argument is legitimate or flawed, engagement in debate, or the rhetorical aspects of argumentation. In recent decades, however, the study of logic and computational models of argumentation has emerged as a growing sub-area of AI.

This book presents the Seventh International Conference on Computational Models of Argument (COMMA’18), held in Warsaw, Poland, from 12 to 14 September 2018. Since its inception in 2006, the conference and its related activities have developed alongside the steady growth of interest in computational argumentation worldwide, and the selection of 25 full papers and 17 short papers, out of a total of 70 submissions, and 15 demonstration abstracts included here reflect the broad multidisciplinary nature of argumentation and the increasing body of work which establishes the relevance of computational models to various disciplines and real world applications.

Subjects covered include: algorithm development; innovative applications; argument mining, argumentation-based models of dialogue; abstract argument frameworks; and structured argumentation.

Representing an overview of current developments in the field, this book will appeal to all those with an interest in computational models of argument.

Editors: Modgil, S., Budzynska, K., Lawrence, J.
Pages: 496
Binding: softcover
Volume 305 of Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications
ISBN print: 978-1-61499-905-8
ISBN online: 978-1-61499-906-5

New Trends in Intelligent Software Methodologies, Tools and Techniques

Proceedings of the 17th International Conference SoMeT_18

Knowledge-based systems, fully integrated with software, have become essential enablers for both science and commerce. But current software methodologies, tools and techniques are not robust or reliable enough for the demands of a constantly changing and evolving market, and many promising approaches have proved to be no more than case-oriented methods that are not fully automated.

This book presents the proceedings of the 17th international conference on new trends in Intelligent Software Methodology, Tools and Techniques (SoMeT18) held in Granada, Spain, 26-28 September 2018. The SoMeT conferences provide a forum for the exchange of ideas and experience, foster new directions in software development methodologies and related tools and techniques, and focus on exploring innovations, controversies, and the current challenges facing the software engineering community. The 80 selected papers included here are divided into 13 chapters, and cover subjects as diverse as intelligent software systems; medical informatics and bioinformatics; artificial intelligence techniques; social learning software and sentiment analysis; cognitive systems and neural analytics; and security, among other things.

Offering a state-of-the-art overview of methodologies, tools and techniques, this book will be of interest to all those whose work involves the development or application of software.

Editors: Fujita, H., Herrera-Viedma, E.
Pages: 1056
Binding: softcover
Volume 303 of Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications
ISBN print: 978-1-61499-899-0
ISBN online: 978-1-61499-900-3

Formal Ontology in Information Systems

Proceedings of the 10th International Conference (FOIS 2018)

FOIS is the flagship conference of the International Association for Ontology and its Applications (IAOA). Its interdisciplinary research focus lies at the intersection of philosophical ontology, linguistics, logic, cognitive science, and computer science, as well as in the applications of ontological analysis to conceptual modeling, knowledge engineering, knowledge management, information-systems development, library and information science, scientific research, and semantic technologies in general.

This volume presents the proceedings of FOIS 2018, held in Cape Town, South Africa, on 19–21 September 2018. It was the 10th edition and 20th anniversary of the conference series.

The volume contains 19 papers grouped into 4 sections: Foundations (7 papers), Agents and Properties (4 papers), Methods and Tools (4 papers), and Applications (4 papers). Regarding the applications of ontologies, a broad spectrum of areas is covered, including in particular biology and medicine, IoT, engineering and linguistics.

Formal Ontology in Information Systems – Proceedings of the 10th International Conference (FOIS 2018) will be of interest to researchers from all disciplines with an interest in formal ontology.

Editors: Borgo, S., Hitzler, P., Kutz, O.
Pages: 276
Binding: softcover
Volume 306 of Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications
ISBN print: 978-1-61499-909-6
ISBN online: 978-1-61499-910-2

Controlled Natural Language

Proceedings of the Sixth International Workshop, CNL 2018, Maynooth, Co. Kildare, Ireland, August 27-28, 2018

Controlled natural languages (CNLs) are based on natural language and apply restrictions on vocabulary, grammar, and/or semantics. They fall broadly into 3 groups. Some are designed to improve communication for non-native speakers of the respective natural language; in others, the restrictions are to facilitate the use of computers to analyze texts, for example, to improve computer-aided translation; and a third group of CNLs are designed to enable reliable automated reasoning and formal knowledge representation from seemingly natural texts.

This book presents the 11 papers, selected from 14 submitted, and delivered at the sixth in the series of workshops on Controlled Natural Language, (CNL 2018), held in Maynooth, Ireland, in August 2018. The papers cover a full spectrum of controlled natural languages, ranging from human oriented to machine-processable controlled languages and from more theoretical results to interfaces, reasoning engines, and the real-life application of CNLs.

The book will be of interest to all those working with controlled natural language, whatever their approach.

Editors: Davis, B., Keet, C.M., Wyner, A.
Pages: 116
Binding: softcover
Volume 304 of Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications
ISBN print: 978-1-61499-903-4
ISBN online: 978-1-61499-904-1


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